cwmbwergwm
Industrial Wales - Monmouthshire's Sirhowy Valley
Trefil and Brynoer
The tramroads, railways and quarries
Search the site here

The Industrial Archaeology and History of Trefil and Brynoer

Click on the button to go to :-

Click on the thumbnail to enlarge a photo or map and sometimes read more about it.
Then click 'Full Size' on the toolbar to see it in all its glory.

Latest Photos

Quick links to :-     Trefil Tramroad and Railway     Trefil Village and Quarries     Brinore Tramroad
Hollybush     Pochin     Troedrhiwgwair     Bedwellty Pits     Tredegar     Sirhowy

The Trefil Railway from Beaufort Wells to Trefil

Now the threat from the Circuit of Wales has receded and the work on the A465 is complete, It's time to re-visit the railway and tramroad to Trefil. The new road has cut through the trackbed but there is alternative access and, other than some unsightly plastic fencing, there's no damage to Cwm Milgatw.

The Trefil Railroad and Tramroad around Cwm Milgatw

Now the threat from the Circuit of Wales has receded and the work on the A465 is complete, It's time to re-visit the railway and tramroad to Trefil. The new road has cut through the trackbed but there is alternative access and, other than some unsightly plastic fencing, there's no damage to Cwm Milgatw.


The Eastern side of the Trefil tramroad around Cwm Milgatw, June 2019
The Eastern side of Cwm Milgatw

The Eastern side of the Trefil Tramroad around Cwm Milgatw, June 2019
The Eastern side of Cwm Milgatw

The Eastern side of the Trefil Tramroad around Cwm Milgatw, June 2019
The Eastern side of Cwm Milgatw

The Eastern culvert under the Trefil Tramroad around Cwm Milgatw, June 2019
The Eastern culvert

The Eastern culvert under the Trefil Tramroad around Cwm Milgatw, June 2019
The Eastern culvert

The Eastern culvert under the Trefil Tramroad around Cwm Milgatw, June 2019
The Eastern culvert

The Eastern culvert under the Trefil Tramroad around Cwm Milgatw, June 2019
The Eastern culvert

The Eastern culvert under the Trefil Tramroad around Cwm Milgatw, June 2019
The Eastern culvert

The Trefil Tramroad and Engine Pond at the head of Cwm Milgatw, June 2019
The Tramroad and Engine Pond

The Western culvert under the Trefil Tramroad around Cwm Milgatw, June 2019
The Western culvert

The Western culvert under the Trefil Tramroad around Cwm Milgatw, June 2019
The Western culvert

The Western culvert under the Trefil Tramroad around Cwm Milgatw, June 2019
The Western culvert

The Western culvert under the Trefil Tramroad around Cwm Milgatw, June 2019
The Western culvert

The Western side of the Trefil Tramroad around Cwm Milgatw, June 2019
The Western side of Cwm Milgatw

The Western side of the Trefil Tramroad around Cwm Milgatw, June 2019
The Western side of Cwm Milgatw

The Western side of the Trefil Tramroad around Cwm Milgatw, June 2019
The Western side of Cwm Milgatw

The Western side of the Trefil Tramroad around Cwm Milgatw, June 2019
The Western side of Cwm Milgatw

Cast iron pipe under the Eastern Trefil Tramroad, June 2019
Trefil Tramroad pipe

Culvert under the Trefil Tramroad loop, June 2019
Trefil Tramroad culvert

Culvert under the Trefil Tramroad loop, June 2019
Trefil Tramroad culvert

Culvert under the Trefil Tramroad loop, June 2019
Trefil Tramroad culvert

Culvert under the Trefil Tramroad loop, June 2019
Trefil Tramroad culvert

Trefil Tramroad Sleepers, June 2019
Trefil Tramroad Sleepers

Trefil Tramroad Sleepers, June 2019
Trefil Tramroad Sleepers

Engine Pond and leat, Cwm Milgatw, and the Tredegar Tramroad

Other than some unsightly plastic fencing, there's no damage to Cwm Milgatw and I spotted the loop on the Tredegar Tramroad on the other side of the valley.


Engine Pond above Trefil Tramroad, Cwm Milgatw, June 2019
Engine Pond at Cwm Milgatw

Engine Pond above Trefil Tramroad, Cwm Milgatw, June 2019
Engine Pond at Cwm Milgatw

Engine Pond leat above Trefil Tramroad, Cwm Milgatw, June 2019
Engine Pond leat at Cwm Milgatw

Engine Pond leat above Trefil Tramroad, Cwm Milgatw, June 2019
Engine Pond leat at Cwm Milgatw

Engine Pond leat above Trefil Tramroad, Cwm Milgatw, June 2019
Engine Pond leat at Cwm Milgatw

Tredegar Tramroad loop on the route to Trefil, June 2019
Tredegar Tramroad loop

Tredegar Tramroad loop on the route to Trefil, June 2019
Tredegar Tramroad loop

Tredegar Tramroad loop on the route to Trefil, June 2019
Tredegar Tramroad loop

The Trefil Tramroad and Railway

From Ebbw Vale and Beaufort to Trefil

Quick links to :-     Trefil Tramroad and Railway     Trefil Village and Quarries     Brinore Tramroad
Hollybush     Pochin     Troedrhiwgwair     Bedwellty Pits     Tredegar     Sirhowy

The Trefil Tramroad (actually a railroad) dates from 1796 running from the quarries at Trefil to Ebbw Vale and Beaufort Ironworks via the Rassa Railroad. The original 3'8" tramroad was converted to a 3'9" gauge tramway in 1908 using steam locomotives. As Ebbw Vale Steelworks grew, the tramway was itself converted to a standard gauge railway and re-aligned in 1922, particularly at Nant Milgatw with a completely new route from Trefil Machine to Ebbw Vale. The line closed in 1964 and much of the Ebbw Vale end has been eaten away by urban re-development.
The Trefil Tramroad ran from Ebbw Vale Ironworks to Beaufort where it met the Rassa tramroad (both were actually rail roads using edge rails rather than tramplates). The Rassau Tramroad went as far as Trefil Machine (a weighing machine) and then the Trefil Tramroad continued up the Sirhowy Valley to Trefil itself. Trefil quarries were the destination of the the Trefil Tramroad, Tredegar Tramroad, Rhymney Tramroad and Brinore Tramroad, the Clapham Junction of tramroads !

From Beaufort Ironworks to Trefil Machine

The Trefil Tramroad ran from Ebbw Vale Ironworks to Beaufort, where it was joined by the Clydach Railroad from Gilwern. At the Rhyd-y-blew Inn at Carmeltown it joined the Rassa Tramroad, which filled the gap to Trefil Machine. The Rassa Tramroad crossed the Rassa Brook on a bridge at SO 1603 1152, rebuilt in 1806, but still there today.

From Trefil Machine to Trefil Quarries

Beaufort Wells to Cwm Milgatw

The area around Trefil Machine has changed completely with all the road building going on. The route from Beaufort Wells has only recently been broken by the new A465 dual-carriageway but it is easily followed on either side of the new road.

The Tramroad on the East side of Cwm Milgatw - SO 1342 1233

The Tramroad at the head of Cwm Milgatw and Engine Pond - SO 1336 1257

The Tramroad on the West side of Cwm Milgatw - SO 1334 1231

The Tramroad culvert loop - SO 1297 1230

The tramroad crossed a culvert on a sharp bend so the railway by-passed it on a new formation.


Trefil Village and quarries

Quick links to :-     Trefil Tramroad and Railway     Trefil Village and Quarries     Brinore Tramroad
Hollybush     Pochin     Troedrhiwgwair     Bedwellty Pits     Tredegar     Sirhowy

Trefil Village and the original quarry - SO 120134

Blaen-duffryn Quarry - SO 1000 1500

Hendre and Ystrad Quarries - SO 087145


Brinore Tramroad

Quick links to :-     Trefil Tramroad and Railway     Trefil Village and Quarries     Brinore Tramroad
Hollybush     Pochin     Troedrhiwgwair     Bedwellty Pits     Tredegar     Sirhowy

Brinore Tramroad

The Brinore Tramroad ran from Trefil to the limekilns and wharf at Talybont. At trefil it connected with Benjamin Hall's tramroad from Rhymney Ironworks and Brinore Collieries. It opened in 1815 but by 1860 traffic was minimal and by the 1870s unsuccessful efforts were made to sell the tramroad. The track was still in place in 1890 and for sale when the company records just cease. It's highly likely it technically still exists. The majority of the route is still open as a footpath and well worth a look.

Near Hendre Quarry, Trefil

Between Trefil and Penrhiwcalc

Between Penrhiwcalc and Talybont

The Brinore Tramroad at Talybont

The counting or toll house at Talybont was derelict for some time before restoraton as a holiday cottage.


Acknowledgments, sources and further reading.

Thanks for addition information to :- T Eric Davies, Mark Lloyd.


A Guide to the Website


All rights reserved - Phil Jenkins