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The Brickworks of Wales
West, Mid and North Wales
In memory of Mike Stokes
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The Brickworks of West, Mid and North Wales

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The Round the World Brick Trip

I've tripped over dozens of bricks from the UK, India, New Zealand and elsewhere, have a look at them all here :-

    

There's also a good group on Facebook for brick and brickworks enthusiasts here :-

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Port Talbot and the Afan Valley

Aberavon - SS 7900 8985

Aberavon Brickworks is shown as a 'sand siding' on the 1899 map and as a brickworks on the 1917 edition. It was way out on the beach then but had disappeared by 1939 and the site is now covered by housing and seemingly inland.

Argoed - SS 8192 9494

Argoed Brickworks, near Cynonville in the Afan Valley appears on the 1897 and 1918 maps but had disappeared by 1940. It was probably opened with Argoed Colliery by Llewellyn Howell and Co in the 1890s. In 1923 it became the property of Herbert Hudson and Co who closed the colliery in 1927 when perhaps the brickworks closed too.

Bryn, near Cwmavon - SS 8264 9175

Bryn and Cwmavon Brick Works Co. The earliest reference to this brickworks I can find is the 1906 Kelly's Directory and it appears in subsequent issues until the mid 1920s. A Grade II listed building, their website mentions that Bryn Brickworks was constructed after 1894 and continued production into the 1920s. They also state the kiln block stood at the SE end of the works adjacent to a siding of the Port Talbot Railway. The kiln is the only surviving structure on the site, although a large wall of undetermined purpose but probably for mounting equipment for the loading of railway wagons is adjacent to the kiln about 100 yards to the west. The kiln is substantially complete although it seems to be used as a shelter by the local sheep and does smell rather unpleasant. If this were mine I'd give it a good clean inside, remove all the decades of sheep-transferred mud and tidy up all the loose bricks lying around. It would make a great centre-piece for a museum of the once-large south Wales brick industry. A bit out-of-the-way though, it would never have any visitors! (Text by Mike Stokes)

Cwmavon - SS 7805 9221

Cwmavon Brick Works Co were established by 1877 next to the Cwmavon Tinplate Works. The brickworks is shown on the 1918 map but had gone by 1938. Bricks with the 'Cwmavon' mark are believed to come from here as the Eagle works promoted it's own identity.

Cwmavon - SS 7901 9253

Eagle Brick Works, Cwmavon. Opened c1891 as the Cwmavon Brick Works Co by SH Byass (Managing Partner) but not actually shown on the 1899 OS map, 'Eagle, Bryn and Cwmavon Brick Works Ltd' were in charge by 1914, 'New Eagle and Bryn Brick Works Ltd' by 1926, finally 'Evans and Bevan' by 1961. The works is shown as 'disused' on the 1975 OS map.




Neath and the Nedd Valley

Briton Ferry

Briton Ferry - SS 7348 9398

There was a brick kiln in Briton Ferry ironworks in 1880 but the ironworks had shut by 1899.

Briton Ferry - SS 7411 9345

Briton Ferry Coal and Pottery Co Ltd was working from c1851 to 1888, owned by George Bedford to his death in 1884. A mystery surrounds his involvement with a brickworks in Porthcawl.
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Neath

The Green, Neath - SS 7493 9749

Dinas Brickworks, The Green, Neath

The Green, Neath - SS 7487 9735

Brickworks, The Green, Neath

The Green, Neath - SS 7502 9768

Firebrick works, The Green, Neath

Melincrythan, Neath - SS 7466 9644

Melincrythan brickfield and claypits, Neath

Melincrythan, Neath, Neath - SS 7470 9693

Mill-lands Brick and Tile Works, Neath

Melincrythan, Neath - SS 7533 9598

Cambrian Brickworks, Melincrythan, Neath was established in 1882 by J Brooks Taylor and became 'J Brooks Taylor and Co Ltd' in 1912 but went into liquidation in May 1949. They also owned the Cwmdu brickworks in Skewen at one time.

The Nedd Valley

Glynneath - SN 8819 0629

'Abernant Dinas Silica Brick & Coal Co', founded in 1843, formerly the 'Anglo Russian Iron Co', was located on the north side of the River Neath and the GWR railway about half mile west of Pont Whalby Halt. Rail served by the Abernant Private Line (opened 1879) which connected with the GWR at Glyn Neath station. The works are shown as 'disused' from 1914 up to 1938 and were not on the 1948 map. A standard gauge 0-6-0ST, Fox Walker 360 of 1878 was new to the works. The company offered a locomotive for sale in the Western Mail during 1901 which may have passed to P Baker, a Cardiff dealer.

Dinas Rock Brickworks - SN 9102 0800

Dinas Rock Brickworks, Glynneath

Dinas Silica Brickworks - SN 8973 0692

Dinas Silica Brickworks, Glynneath

Pont Walby Brick and Tile Works - SN 8896 0675

Pont Walby Brick and Tile Works, Glynneath

Aberdulais - SS 7750 9962

Aberdulais Colliery and Brick Co appear to have 5 kilns on the site of Wen-y-Gored Colliery in 1899 but they are not shown in 1880. However the company was in existence in 1834 and closed in the late 1890s.

Onllwyn - SN 8444 1046

Onllwyn Brickworks, Neath

Penwyllt - SN 8547 1516

The Dinas Silica Brickworks at Penwyllt was opened in 1865 by Kershaw & Pole Ltd and ceased production in1939. It was owned by the Penwyllt Dinas Silica Brick Co Ltd from 1895 to 1928and then the Penwyllt Silica Brick Co Ltd, a subsidiary of Stephens Silica Brick Co Ltd of Kidwelly, until 1940.

Resolven - SN 8208 0202

Melincourt Brick Works Co. Resolven, Neath in 1884 held by Capt Formby’s Company with H Bateman as manager became the Melin Court Brick & Terra Cotta Co Ltd in 1891 with John Taylor as manager. In 1891 Kellys reported that J B Taylor & Co made bricks at Melin y Cwrt with the clay levels last worked in c1890. Mike Stokes visited the site on 6th October 2014 and found that the site had not been developed. There were extensive earthworks although unable to distinguish any features and no named bricks were found on site.

Resolven - SN 8338 0291

Resolven Brickworks, Neath

Seven Sisters - SN 8151 0749

Nant-y-Cafn Brickworks, Neath

Skewen - SS 7193 9746

Cwmdu Brickworks, Skewen, Neath, opened prior to 1845 by John Grainger. It was leased by the Dynevor Coal Co for 60 years in 1873 and had passed to J Brooks Taylor Co of the Cambrian Brickworks, Melincrythan, Neath by 1925. It was latterly owned by Evans-Bevan Ltd and seems to have closed in the early 1960s.




Swansea

North Swansea

Copper Pit Brickworks, Morriston - SS 6695 9700

This brick was more than likely made by Copper Pit Collieries Ltd. in Morriston, Swansea after 1908 when they re-opened the Copper Pit mine. The Copper Pit Brickworks, Neath Road, Morriston, Swansea is listed in Kelly's 1923 and 1926 editions. it seems to have become part of the Swansea Brick Works Co Ltd later.

Graig Brickworks, Morriston - SS 6670 9720

Graig Brickworks, Morriston, Swansea, later it was part of the 'Star' empire.

Morriston Silica Brick Co, Morriston - SS 6717 9840

Morriston Silica Brick Co, Swansea

Roundpit Brickworks, Llansamlet - SS 6901 9754

Roundpit Brickworks, Llansamlet is on the the site of Roundpit Colliery and may originally have been part of it. The colliery had ceased coal production by 1897 when the brickworks took over until some time after 1913.

Swansea Brickworks, Morriston - SS 6735 9740

Swansea Brickworks, Morriston, operated in Swansea between 1921 and 1957 when it was demolished. The area is now the Morriston South Industrial Estate.

Swansea Siemens Brick Co, Landore - SS 6697 9651

Swansea Siemens Brick Co, Landore, produced the silica bricks needed for the various Siemens steelworks in the area. The works is shown on OS maps from 1876 to 1948.

Treboeth Brick and Tile Co, Swansea - SS 6550 9620

Treboeth Brick and Tile Co, Swansea

North-West Swansea

Cwmbach Brickworks, Cockett - SS 6281 9526

Cwmbach Brickworks, Cockett, Swansea

Cwm-du or Cae-bricks brickworks - SS 6446 9501

Cwm-du or Cae-bricks brickworks, Swansea

Cwm-du or Cae-bricks brickworks - SS 6502 9510

Cwm-du or Cae-bricks brickworks, Swansea

Gendros Brickworks

Gendros Brickworks, Swansea

Glasbrooks Werngradog Brickworks, Fforestfach

Glasbrooks Werngradog Brickworks, Fforestfach, Swansea

Gorse Brickworks, Cockett - SS 6324 9446

Gorse Brickworks, Cockett, Swansea

Swansea Brickworks - SS 6359 9491

Swansea Brickworks, on the other side of the railway tunnel

Tunnel Brickworks, Swansea - SS 6339 9490

Tunnel Brickworks, also known as Wig-fawr Brickworks

Weig Brickworks, Cockett - SS 6371 9458

Weig Brick and Tile Co or Wig-fach Brickworks, Cockett, Swansea operated c1895 to 1926. Visited by Mike Stokes on 28th February 1991 who investigated the site in Meadow Street (formerly Percy Street) which now has a corrugated iron garage built on it. The claypits further up the road are now used as a lock-up compound for a local plant hire firm.

West Swansea

Clyne Valley Brickworks, Killay - SS 6025 9220

The works was owned by Frederick Pinn (1880s), James Howell & Co (1890s) and John Napier (1920s) becoming the Clyne Valley Brick & Tile Co Ltd and finally Evans and Bevan Ltd in the 1950s and 60s. A narrow gauge tramway ran from the works south-west under the BR line to clay pits. Works closed c.1965 and site cleared c.1968. In 1950 a new 4wDM RH 296102/50 was used on the tramway until closure.

Dunvant Brickworks, Swansea - SS 5955 9373

Dunvant Colliery was owned by Phillip Richard from at least 1886 until at least 1905; it had passed to the New Dunvant Colliery Co Ltd by 1913. The colliery was sited on the east of the LNWR line with rail connections just north of Dunvant station. Phillip Richard was the eldest son of Phillip Richard of the Birch Rock Colliery, Pontardulais. The brickworks is only shown on the 1896 map.

Killan Brickworks, Dunvant - SS 5901 9409
Killan Old Brickworks, Dunvant - SS 5924 9384

A Killan Colliery existed in 1878 at SS 5810 9385 but it had closed by 1896 with two new Killan Collieries appearing to the North c1899 connected to Dunvant by a branch line. By 1923 the colliery was owned by Killan Collieries Ltd. Production ceased in 4/1925 following liquidation. Salvage was completed by 8/1925 and the site then abandoned though the 'old' brickworks was still shown on the 1948 map. There were two locos on the Colliery lines, Std Gauge “Curlew” 0-4-0ST MW 1247/1891 sold or scrapped. and 2ft gauge 0-4-0WT OK 6759/1914, new to works and sold to Richard Thomas & Co, South Wales Steel Works, Llanelli.

Penlan Brickworks, Dunvant - SS 5957 9423

Penlan Brickworks was owned by Samuel Jones and Sons as 'Jones. S & Sons (Dunvant) Ltd and 'Penlan Brickworks (Dunvant) Ltd. The 'S&S Dunvant' may be a mis-spelling of 'SJ&S' or may be deliberate but is likely to be from Penlan. A 4wPM, L 35154/50, was new to the works but there is no record of its disposal. The works was open from c1895 to at least 1948 and Penlan Brick Works (Dunvant) Ltd is still listed in 1952

Voylart Brickworks, Dunvant - SS 5920 9355

Two brick kilns are shown in a brick field to the West of Voilart Colliery on teh 1877 map but the colliery had gone by 1900 with the brickworks marked as 'disused'. It seems to have survived until 1948, still shown as an 'old brickworks'.




West Glamorgan beyond Swansea

Clydach - SS 6880 0098

Clydach Brickworks

Glais - SN 7110 0154

Llwyndu Brick and Clay Co, Glais in 1891 and later the Llwyndu Fire Brick Co Ltd. This brickworks is still shown on the 1962 OS map but has gone by the 1968 edition. I've read on the Welsh Coal Mines site that there was a Llwyn Du Graigola Colliery and Brick company Ltd in 1887 and the works may have closed in the 1940s.

Gwaun-cae-gurwen, Cwmgorse - SN 7065 1110

Cwmgorse Brickworks, Gwaun-cae-gurwen opened c1906 as the Cwmgorse Brick Co Ltd becoming the Cwmgorse Brick Works Co Ltd by 1931. Later, in the 1950s, it became part of the British Anthracite Sales Ltd and British Anthracite Co Ltd group.

Pontardawe - SN 7473 0584

Ynysmeundy Brickworks

Pontardulais - SN 5981 0308

Bolgoed Brickworks, 'The Star Brick and Tile Co Ltd' registered the freehold in Aug 1966.

Ystalyfera - SN 7670 0863

Brickworks, Ystalyfera

Ystalyfera - SN 7720 0931

Tirbach Brickworks Co, Ystalyfera

Ystalyfera - SN 7724 0926

Gurnos Brickworks, Ystalyfera

Ystalyfera - SN 7809 0867

Farteg Brickworks, Ystalyfera

Ystradgynlais - SN 8046 1126

Penrhos Brickworks, Ystradgynlais





Carmarthenshire

Llanelly

Unidentified brickmakers

Bigin - SN 5104 0002

Bigin Brickworks

Copper Works - SS 5080 9915

Copper Works Brickworks

Dafen - SN 5286 0131

The Dafen Brick Works Co (later the Dafen Brick Co Ltd) opened between 1905 and 1913 on the site of Bryngwyn Colliery. It was working into the 1960s.

Furnace - SN50480127

'Coflein' record a brickyard here in 1809

Horeb, Eclipse Brickworks - SN 5009 0529

Blackthorn Brick Works Co was founded in 1907 becoming the Eclipse Brick Co Ltd by 1914 and The Horeb Brick Co Ltd by 1926. It was said to have close in 1967. Mike Stokes visited the derelict site on 3rd April 1995 and found that the stack was still standing and most of a Hoffman kiln. Access was only possible down the abandoned railway line. Many bricks were scattered around with 'OB' on them? also some white/yellow with 'ATLAS' stamped on them.

Machynys - SS 5118 9835 and SS 5104 9821

Machynys Brick & Tile Co Ltd, Llanelly

Morfa - SS 5182 9876

Morfa Brickworks, Llanelly

Pwll - SN 4770 0090

Pwll Coal & Brick Co Ltd, Llanelly, also possibly known as the 'Star Brickworks'

Sandy - SN 4998 0067 (1880), SN 4985 0052 (1907)

Sandy Brickworks (or Stradey Brickworks), Llanelly

The rest of Carmarthenshire

Ammanford - SN 6377 1244

Ammanford Colliery and Brickworks, The colliery is on the 1905 map with the brickworks next to it in 1915 and still there in 1962. It was part of British Anthracite Co in the late 1940s / early 1950s.

Ammanford, Pont-y-clerc Brickworks - SN 6200 1150

Pont-y-clerc Brickworks, Pantyffynnon was opened around 1835 and owned by John Lloyd c1860 but he was bankrupt by 1871. It became the Pontyclerc Fire Brick Works & Anthracite Coal Co but they failed too and the works was auctoned in 1885. John and Joshua Lloyd took over in 1886, a different John Lloyd I assume, under a number of diffent company names. Finally the colliery became part of Amalgamated Anthracite Ltd and closed in 1934. The brickworks is shown on the 1938 map but marked 'disused' by 1948.

Blaenau, near Pen-y-groes - SN 6015 1310

A 'Brick Field' and what appears to be a block of kilns is shown on the 1878 map. it was adjacent to Blaenau-Saron Colliery but both colliery and kilns had gone by 1905. The whole area has been subject to open-cast mining and landscaped.

Brynamman, Amman Brick Works - SN 7150 1394

Amman Brick Co Ltd, Brynamman, occupied the site of the Amman Ironworks some time after 1905 when the ironworks closed. It had disappeared by 1948.

Burry Port - SN 4600 0115

New Lodge Colliery and Firebrick Co

Burry Port - SN 4493 0162

Achddu Brickworks was open from the late 1920s to 1948 on the site of Achddu Colliery which had closed in 1917.

Bynea - SS 5524 9903

Bynea Silica Brick Co, Bynea

Bynea - SS 5483 9915

Glynea and Co Brickworks, Bynea

Carmarthen - SN 4060 1960

Brickworks under the A40 Carmarthen By-pass roundabout

Carmarthen - SN 4303 2165

Dol-Gwili Brick and Tile Works, Carmarthen Brick Co. also under a different A40 roundabout

Cynghordy - SN 7985 4105

The Cynghordy brickworks was developed by British Anthracite Co Ltd from the late 1950s/early 1960s. British Fuel Co (South Wales) Ltd had acquired the business by 1975 but it is not known if it was still operating at that time. The site was cleared by 1978.

Kidwelly - SN 401066

Kidwelly Brickworks, first site

Kidwelly - SN 402064

Kidwelly Brickworks, second site

Kidwelly - SN 410062

Dinas Brickworks

Kidwelly, Mynydd-y-Garreg - SN 436094

Alexander Young's Brickworks

Llandeilo

Llandeilo Brick and Tile Co are listed by 'Coflein' here with a general reference but I can't find any exact location, could they be merchants?

Llangennech - SN 5555 0120

Llangennech Brick and Tile Co

Llangennech, Talyclyn - SN 5747 0348

The brickworks and colliery at Talyclyn were opened c1850 becoming the 'Talyclyn Colliery and Brickworks Co' from 1885 to 1900. It was then owned by Thomas Williams and Sons, Llangennech (TW&S) and closed by the NCB in 1952. The site is now buried beneath the M4 motorway.

Llanybyther - SN 5038 4226

I'm assuming that Llanybyther Brickworks is the brickworks shown on the map at Highmead. I'm told that a large walled garden was built there in the 1860s for which the brickworks may have been built. The brickworks only appears on the 1887 map and is already marked as 'disused'.

Pen-y-groes, Emlyn Brickworks - SN 5841 1351

Emlyn Brick Company Limited was formed on 22/12/1920, previously Emlyn Anthracite Collieries Ltd and latterly owned by Aeron Thomas. The kiln was built in 1911, a 16 chamber Hoffman type built by Manchester Kiln who supplied the lining and Emlyn supplied the bricks at a cost of £536. Previously, beehive kilns had been used on site. Two vintage presses made by Bradley & Craven of Wakefield were said to be 80 and 100 years old and are now in Swansea Museum. The brick making capacity was 70,000 per week, rising to 90,000 per week when a new draught improver was installed on 3rd April 1995. Castle Brick Co. was formed in 9/2/1994. In the office were photos of the anthracite colliery, 1901, 1906 and 1931. (as reported by Mike Stokes in April 1995)

Pontyates - SN 4779 0863

Ynys-Hafren Brickworks

St Clears

Up to four brickworks existed at St Clears - Upper, Lower and Victoria Brickworks and possibly one other.

Trimsaran - SN 4657 0527

Trimsaran Upper Colliery Brickworks





Pembrokeshire

Angle - SM 8541 0311

The Angle Brick Works was established in the 1880′s by the Angle Estate. At that time there were 3 kilns. The products included bricks of several varieties, roof and quarry tiles, ridge tiles, and drain pipes. Later, blocks of simulated stone were produced.

Goodwick, Fishguard - SM 9406 3764

Goodwick Brickworks Co Ltd, Open by 1907 as Fishguard Harbour Brickworks Co Ltd until 1910 when it became Goodwick Brickworks Co Ltd. In 1946 it was part of the British Anthracite Co Ltd and closed c1969. The quarry used RH 193973, purchased new in 1938 and scrapped in 1970.

Hean Castle, Saundersfoot - SN 1433 0598

The brickworks adjacent to the iron foundry at Hean Castle was founded in 1845 by Thomas Stokes and closed in c1887. It traded as Tenby Silica Co in c1860, Hean Castle Brick Co in c1864 and Woolston Firebrick Works c1867. Bricks were originally imprinted 'Stokes Saundersfoot Pembs' and from c1864 'Hean Castle Tenby pattern'.

Johnston, Haverfordwest - SM 9332 1113

Johnston Brick and Tile Co, owned by G E Carrow & Co, mentioned in Kellys Directory from 1895 to 1920

Landshipping - SN 0041 1001

A brick kiln is shown on the 1865 OS Map and a brickyard close by in 1907.

Pen-y-cwm, near Newgale - SM 8439 2290

A brickworks and tramway are shown as 'disused' on the 1907 OS Map in Cwm Mawr

Porthgain - SM 8145 3253

Porthgain Quarries Ltd

Slebech - SN 0356 1446

'Coflein' identify the area around 'Brickfield Bottom' as a likely site for a brickworks.

Templeton - SN 1129 1094

Templeton Brickworks opened circa 1868 and was known as Templeton Silica Works. The bricks produced were a specialised fire brick invented by the Quaker Entrepreneur William Weston Young. The rock used to make the bricks was sourced from 3 local Templeton quarries, Cleggars, North Hill and Whitehouse. They ceased making bricks in the 1920’s.




Mid Wales

The counties of Brecon, Cardigan, Montgomery, Radnor and Merioneth

Breconshire

Llangammarch Wells - SN 9543 4969

Garth Brickworks, Garth

Brecon, Pen-y-crug - SO 0330 3010

'Coflein' record a brick and tile works adjoining Pen-y-crug hillfort. Quarries, kiln sites, platforms, clay pits, trackways etc. Shown as disused on 1st edn OS 1889.

Builth Wells - SO 0293 5202

A brick kiln and clay pit at Park Farm on the 1889and 1904 OS maps is shown as 'Disused' on both editions.

Cardiganshire

Cardigan Brickworks - SN 1780 4638

The Cardigan Brick and Tile Co opened this brickworks in 1860 by Geoge Osborne. By 1875 a new chimney stack and kiln had been built. By 1919 it had become the Cardigan Brickworks Co but it hit hard times and closed finally in 1925, the stack was demolished in 1927, the rest of the site being cleared soon afterwards. The historical photos are from the Donald Davies Collection, all taken 1869-76 by J T Mathias, courtesy of Glen Johnson.
There was also a brickyard at SN 1880 4595 from c1835 to c1860 where a 'Brickyard Cottage' still exists.

Aberystwyth

An advert in the 'Cambrian News' for 17th June 1910 offered a brickworks in Abersytwyth as a going concern. I haven't been able to locate the site.

Llanon - SN 5213 6480

A brick kiln and clay pit is shown here on the 1905 OS map.

Radnorshire

Llandrindod Wells - SO 0578 6214

Llandrindod brickworks is shown on the 1889 map but is 'disused' in 1904. No bricks have turned up yet but I know Mike Kilner is searching high and low.

Newbridge on Wye - SO 0120 6014

A 'Brickyard Cottage' is shown here in 1887 and modern maps describe the area as 'brickfield'.

Montgomeryshire

Newtown - SO 0975 9065

Park Brick and Tile Co Ltd is on the 1884 OS map and appears to be active until after 1948. By 1965 it has become the town rubbish dump. Whether 'S Morgan Junr' and 'T Parry Jones' were owners at some time, I don't know. 'Pilot', with its reversed letter 'N', could have been a brand name.

Newtown - SO 1030 9185

There was a brickworks near Dol-Guan in 1884 but it was 'disused' even then and gone by 1900. A 'brickfield' is mentioned in the 1840s just outside of Newtown on the road to Kerry but there's no trace on the first OS maps.

Welshpool - SJ 2305 0722

This brickworks was working by 1885 but had gone by 1901. It had a tramway running from the works to the River Severn about 0.5 mile away.

Welshpool - SJ 2305 0722

Buttington brickworks was working by 1902 and appears to have carried on until the mid 1970s. it appears to be owned by Edward Oakland Co Ltd until the company was wound up in 1945. The company also appear to have owned Park Hill Brickworks, Wombwell, W Yorks.

Merionethshire

Fairbourne - SH 6179 1317

Next to Fairbourne Station, this brickworks isn't on the 1887 map. It first appears on the 1900 map but has gone by 1949. It was built c1895/6, by Sir Arthur McDougall (more used to self-raising flour than cement) to build his grand scheme of 'South Barmouth'. It was connected to the station by the forerunner of the Fairbourne Railway.

Towyn - SH 5960 0027

Seemingly taking over an old tannery this brickworks appears on the 1900 map but isn't labelled as a brickworks in 1938.

Machynlleth - possibly SH 7839 0310

This 'Dovey Tilery' brick was found by Martyn Fretwell at Corris so there may have been a brickworks or 'tilery' in the Machynlleth area but I haven't traced it yet. However.... (Dolau Bricks: SH 7839 0310). The 2inch:1mile OS Surveyors' drawing (No 337) of 1833-4 names a building adjacent to the road as Dol-y-bricks (brick meadow). No direct evidence of a building was seen in the topsoiled spread, but there were a number of poorly fired brick fragments near the location of PRN 80257, perhaps suggesting that brick manufacture was being carried out nearby. The local clay revealed by topsoil stripping appears to be suitable for brick manufacture and may have been utilised. (The Clwyd-Powys Archaeological Trust, 2001)





Anglesey

Anglesey

Cemaes - SH 3734 9309

Cemaes brickworks, or Afon Wygyr brickworks, is known to have been open from 1907 to 1914 but a smaller brickworks is shown on the 1899 OS map with the tramway running down to the harbour and the brickworks still appears on the 1922 map. The Hoffman kiln certainly dates from 1907 as the date is on the 92 foot chimney stack. The kiln had the capacity to produce 50,000 bricks per week, but probably seldom reached. The brickworks site was partially restored by Anglesey County Council in 1998. The chimney is clearly visible from the A5025 just east of Cemaes Bay and a path leads down to the works. The 2' gauge tramway was built from the harbour to the works to bring in coal and take out the finished bricks. Much of it was made into a footpath in 1976 and about 50yds of track can still be seen here. The tramway was man or horse hauled and in 1926had of 7 coal trucks and 6 brick trucks.

Porth Wen - SH 4020 9460

This very well-known and quite remarkable survivor began life some time before the 1880s as it's on the 1888 OS map as 'Porth Wen Silica Brick Works' but shown as 'disused' by the 1889 revision, published in 1901. By 1906 it was owned by a German named Stiebel who seems to have expanded it and by 1908 Charles Tidy was the owner trading as the 'Tidy Brick and Tile Co'. All goods inward and outward had to be by sea from the works quay, which was quite difficult to navigate. Unfortunately the quality of the bricks seems to have gone downhill and, coupled with the poor transport links, the works closed just before WW1 and any decent machinery was later tranferred to a brickworks near Caernarvon.





Caernarvonshire

Morfa Cwta, Llanfaglan, Caernarvon - SH 4600 5980

The Llwyn-yn Brick Works was in operation on the 1888 map but only shown as a claypit in 1913.

Parkia, Caernarvon - SH 4978 6558

Parkia (or Parciau) brickworks was built before 1888 and the Parkia Brickfields of Carnarvon Ltd was liquidated on 5 May 1896. The New Parkia Brick Co Ltd was formed in 1908 but it too went into receivership, in 1930. The works were sold and the company liquidated in 1934. It passed to John Summers of Shotton and was shown as 'disused' in 1948 with a concrete works next door.

Peblig, Caernarvon - SH 4910 6200

The brickworks at Peblig Bridge, opened in the 19th century, was closely connected with the Seiont brickworks. It too passed to John Summers of Shotton, trading as the 'Castle Brick Co'. It appears to have closed around 1947.

Penrhyn Bay, Llandudno - SH 8232 8167

Not on the 1898 map but shown as 'disused' in 1911

Porth Neigwl, Abersoch - SH 2584 2821

A very remote brickworks operating around between 1890 and 1900 when it was marked 'disused'., desperately looking for a partner in 1897.

Seiont, Caernarvon - SH 4890 6130

A long-established brickworks opened in c1850 but marked 'disused' in 1889. During it's existence it was owned by William Hayward in 1874 andin 1931 by John Summers of Shotton, trading as the 'Castle Brick Co'. By 1972 it was part of the Butterley group, then Hanson group and moved to the other side of the river, finally closed in 2008.





Denbighshire

Denbighshire was a huge brick producer centred on Ruabon and Wrexham, featuring such famous names as 'Dennis' and 'JC Edwards'. A suberb book entitled 'Life in the Victorian brickworks of Flintshire and Denbighshire', written by Andrew Connolly, has a vast amount of information on the bricks and brickworks of these counties along with chapters on the brickmaking process itself. There are nearly 300 large pages of text, photos and maps and it is available from the publishers for just £6.00 :-

Denbighshire is also extremely well covered by individual pages of Messrs Sallery and Kitchings 'Brocross/Penmorfa Old Bricks', which are linked below.

                   

All I've done for this website is to produce a simple listing of the brickworks with the addition of my own or friends photos, maps and notes as I've come across them.

Acrefair

Delph Brick and Fireclay Works (118) - SH 2801 4359

T H Seacome and Wyndham & Phillips
Thomas Seacombe founded the brickworks at Delph Quarry in 1868 and purchased by Henry Wyndham in 1883, joined in 1902 by the manager, R T Phillips, becoming Wyndham and Phillips in 1906. The brickworks closed in 1958, to be used to make concrete blocks and tipping, finally opencast mining which destroyed the site.

Ruabon

Dennis, Ruabon

J.C.Edwards, Ruabon

Monk & Newall, Ruabon

Ruabon Brick and Terra Cotta Co

Ruabon Glazed Brick and Fire Clay Co

Wrexham

Abenbury Brickworks, Wrexham - SH 2584 2821

Llay Hall, Wrexham





Flintshire

Buckley was the centre of Flint's brick industry with around 25 brickworks and home to some very well-known Welsh brands. A suberb book entitled 'Life in the Victorian brickworks of Flintshire and Denbighshire', written by Andrew Connolly, has a vast amount of information on the bricks and brickworks of these counties along with chapters on the brickmaking process itself. There are nearly 300 large pages of text, photos and maps and it is available from the publishers for just £6.00 :-

Flintshire is also extremely well covered by individual pages of Messrs Sallery and Kitchings 'Brocross/Penmorfa Old Bricks', which are linked below.

         

All I've done for this website is to produce a simple listing of the brickworks with the addition of my own or friends photos, maps and notes as I've come across them.

Mold

Alyn Brick Tile & Terra Cotta Co, Coed Talon, Mold

Buckley

R Ashton & Co, Knowle Lane brickworks, Buckley

R Ashton & Co were an old-established brickworks, working from c1790 to 1902.

Aston Hall Coal and Brick Co, Buckley - SJ 2940 6605

A combined colliery and brickworks operation dating from the 1860s and lasting through the usual financial crises until 1913. Their trademark was 'Premier' and imprint 'Aston Flintshire'. Bricks imprinted 'JBG & Co' may be from here.

Buckley Brick & Tile Co. Ltd, Brookhall brickworks, Buckley

Buckley Brick & Tile Co. Ltd was active from 1865 to 1963. Their trademarks were 'Gibsonite' and 'Mettaline'.

Buckley Junction Metallic Brick Co Ltd, Buckley Junction brickworks, Buckley

Buckley Junction brickworks was established in 1911 and closed in 1959 after being taken over by the Castle Firebrick Co in 1956. Their trademarks were 'Jacobean' and 'City'.

Castle Brick Co, Buckley

The Castle Brick Co opened in 1866, becoming the Castle Firebrick and Coal Co in 1875. It eventually became part of John Summers Ltd of Shotton steelworks and closed in 1970. They used a logo of a castle as their trademark.

Catherall & Co, Buckley

Jonathan Catherall set up an early brickworks in Buckley but closed towards the end of the 19th century.

Charles Davison & Co Ltd Buckley

Charles Davison & Co Ltd were on of the biggest brick manufacturers in Wales with their 'Adamantine'.'Obsidian' and Hysilyn' brands. 'Adamantine' possibly holds the record for imprinting no less than 77 letters on one brick! They specialised in refractory and acid resistant bricks at their Ewloe Barn Brick and Tile Works and Old Ewloe works, active from 1933 to 1951 The company merged with General Refractories Ltd, and then taken over by the firm of G. R. Stein Ltd. The site closed in 1967.

Drury & Co, Sandycroft Brickworks, Buckley

Sandycroft Colliery and Brickworks was working in c1860 under a number of owners until closure in the 1960s.

Etna Brick & Tile Co, Buckley

The Etna brickworks was owned by George Watkinson and Sons who owned a number of collieries and brickworks in the area in the 19th and 20th centuries.

The Globe Fire Clay Works, Buckley

The Globe Fire Clay Works, trademark 'Fort', was working from 1878 to 1912. The claypit still survives.

Hancock and Co, Lane End brickworks, Buckley

Hancock and Co opened the Lane End brickworks in 1792. It became part of the Castel Firebrick Co in 1956, then Butterley and Hanson until closing as late as 2004, the last brickworks in Buckley.

E Parry & Sons Ltd, Ewloe Wood brickworks, Buckley

Parry's used the trademark 'Dragon' and operated from 1860 until the late 1960s. They were acquired by the Castle firebrick Co in 1944.

South Buckley Colliery and Brickworks, Buckley

Beginning business as the 'North & South Buckley Colliery, Brick & Tile Co', becoming the 'Rock Brick Co' at some time.

Standard Buff & Glazed Brick Co, Mount Pleasant, Buckley

An offshoot of the Mount Pleasant Colliery by John Bates Gregory, it became a pipe works and cl;osed in 1969.




Dedicated to the work of Mike Stokes

The 'Brickworks of South Wales' was the work of the late Mike Stokes on his excellent website, . Following Mike's untimely death his website is inaccessible and may suddenly go offline so I have transcribed it here and am expanding it as time allows.

Acknowledgments, sources and further reading.

A great many other people have supplied information and photos to add to the story, so many thanks to (alphabetically) Graham Bennett, Mike Bennett, Ian Cooke, Gary Davies, Steve Davies, Martyn Fretwell, Andrew Harvard, Tracey Hucker, Glen Johnson, Kes Jones, Mike Kilner, David Kitching, Frank Lawson, Norman Lowe, Frank Moore, Stephen Parry, Richard Paterson, Ian Pickford, Glyn Roberts, Dave Sallery, Lawrence Skuse, Ian Suddaby, Templeton Heritage Group, Gareth Thomas, David Wood amonst many others.

A suberb book entitled 'Life in the Victorian brickworks of Flintshire and Denbighshire', written by Andrew Connolly, has a vast amount of information on the bricks and brickworks along with chapters on the brickmaking process itself. There are nearly 300 large pages of text, photos and maps and it is available from the publishers for just £6.00 :-

The Brocross/Penmorfa website is the best source of info on bricks and brickworks in the UK :-

For very good coverage of Scottish bricks and quite a bit about other places too :-

Martyn Feltwell has two very good sites here :- and
There is a specialist society for brick history :-

There's also a 'Facebook' group for bricks and brickworks :-


All rights reserved - Phil Jenkins